5. Power to give directions.- Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law but subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government may in the exercise of its powers and performance of its functions under this Act, issue directions in writing to any person, officer or any authority and such person, officer or authority shall be bound to comply with such directions.
Explanation.-For the avoidance of doubts, it is hereby declared that the power to issue directions under this section includes the power to direct-
     (a) the closure, prohibition or regulation of any industry, operation or process; or
     (b) stoppage or regulation of  the supply of electricity or water or any other service.

6. Rules to regulate environmental pollution.- (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules in respect of all or any of the matter referred to in section 3.
(2) In particular, and without prejudiced to the generally of the foregoing power, such rules, may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:-
(a) the standards of quality of air, water or soil for various areas and purposes;
(b) the maximum allowable limits of concentration of various environmental pollutants (including noise) for different areas; 
(c) the procedures and safeguard for the handling of hazardous substances;
(d) the prohibition restrictions on the handling of hazardous substances in different areas;
(e) the prohibition and restrictions on the location of industries and the carrying on of processes and operations in different areas;
(f) the procedures and safeguards for the prevention of accidents which may cause environmental pollution and for providing for remedial measures for such accidents.



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